In 2016, a total of 151 various parking policies were released and implemented nationwide


Published on:

2022-07-20

Following the intensive promulgation of 13 parking policies by national ministries and commissions in 2015, in order to further strengthen the implementation of these policies, in 2016, relevant policies were promulgated, and the parking policy system at the national level was gradually improved. At the same time, in accordance with the spirit of the national policy, the new version of the parking charging policy in each province was also promulgated and implemented in 2016.

In 2016, a total of 151 various parking policies were released and implemented nationwide

■China Parking Network Market Research Center (MRCPO)

Following the intensive promulgation of 13 parking policies by the national ministries and commissions in 2015, in order to further strengthen the implementation of these policies, in 2016, relevant policies were promulgated, and the parking policy system at the national level was gradually improved. At the same time, in accordance with the spirit of the national policy, the new version of the parking charging policy in each province was also promulgated and implemented in 2016.

In 2016, a total of 151 parking policies of various types were released and implemented, including 5 national policies, 31 provincial policies, and 115 prefecture-level policies. Among the local policies, Fujian issued the largest number of parking policies, with 15, and Jiangsu, Shandong, and Guangxi all had 9.

The 151 policies cover parking fee policies, parking lot construction management methods, building parking space allocation standards, parking lot construction incentives and preferential policies, parking lot land use policies and other aspects. Among them, the parking fee policy is the most, with a total of 58 items, accounting for 38.4%. Secondly, there are 21 incentive policies for parking lot construction, accounting for 13.9%. It can be seen that all localities focus on promoting the development of parking industrialization from the marketization of parking fees and the formulation of incentive measures for the construction of parking facilities.

National policy: vigorously promote the construction of parking lots

In 2016, the parking policies issued by the state mainly include:

●In January 2016, the National Development and Reform Commission promulgated the "Key Points and Task Division of Recent Work to Accelerate the Construction of Urban Parking Lot", which clarified the preparation of special planning for parking facilities, the formulation of specific rules for accelerating the construction of parking lots, and the improvement of parking space standards for urban buildings. Promote the use of the PPP model to build parking lots, establish the basic parking database and other 20 responsible units, guiding units and completion times, and the 20 tasks should be completed before December 2017 at the latest.

●In March 2016, the General Office of the National Development and Reform Commission promulgated the "Key Points of Parking Construction in 2016", requiring all provincial development and reform departments to strive to complete the preparation of special planning for parking lots within 2016. Beijing, Tianjin, Shanghai, Chongqing, Hangzhou, Six cities in Shenzhen took the lead in the first half of 2016. The provincial development and reform commissions will coordinate with relevant departments to complete the census plan of parking facilities in their respective regions within 2016. The three pilot cities of parking information platforms, Beijing, Shanghai and Hangzhou, completed the data platform construction in 2016.

●In May 2016, the Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development issued a notice on the issuance of the "Thirteenth Five-Year Plan for the Development and Utilization of Urban Underground Spaces" (Jiangui [2016] No. 95). Due to the abundant utilization of urban underground space, it has become a major trend to develop from small-scale single-function underground projects to underground urban spaces with parking functions. Therefore, the "Notice" requires standards and specifications for the planning and design of underground parking lots, and also requires safeguard measures. Establish incentive mechanisms, formulate preferential support policies, encourage social capital to actively participate in the construction and operation of underground parking facilities in central urban areas, and improve the quality and level of urban underground space development and utilization.

●In June 2016, the National Development and Reform Commission and the Ministry of Transport issued a notice on the "Implementation Plan on Promoting the Improvement of Transportation Quality and Efficiency to Improve Supply and Service Capability" (Fa Gai Ji [2016] No. 1198). In terms of parking facilities engineering, it is proposed to focus on transportation hubs, residential areas, commercial areas, hospitals, tourist attractions, etc., to build intensive parking facilities such as parking buildings, underground parking lots, and mechanical three-dimensional parking garages. Supporting parking lots (P+R) will be built at the peripheral stations of the newly built urban rail transit lines, and additional parking lots (P+R) will be built at a faster pace for sites that have already operated existing lines that meet the conditions. About 2 million new public parking spaces are built every year.

●In August 2016, the Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development and the Ministry of Land and Resources jointly issued the "Notice on Further Improving Urban Parking Lot Planning and Construction and Land Use Policy". It clarified the stratified transfer policy of land, determined the property rights of the parking lot and the mortgage of the ownership and use rights, and clarified the approval conditions for the planning of public parking lots.

Accelerated implementation of provincial charging policies

In accordance with the policy spirit of the national ministries and commissions, in 2016, 11 provinces/municipalities including Beijing, Chongqing, Hebei, Shanxi, Shaanxi, Gansu, Jilin, Anhui, Fujian, Jiangxi, and Yunnan successively promulgated new versions of provincial-level parking charging policies, which involve clear The scope of government pricing, the implementation of differentiated charging, standardizing charging behaviors, and improving supporting regulatory measures, etc.

In the "Guiding Opinions on Further Improving the Charging Policy for Motor Vehicle Parking Services" (2015) promulgated by the three ministries and commissions of the state, it is clarified that parking charges are divided into two categories: government pricing and market-regulated pricing. Among them, the parking facility service charges with the characteristics of natural monopoly operation and public welfare are subject to government pricing and included in the local pricing catalog.

The local pricing catalogues of 31 provinces/municipalities have all been finalized by January 2016, and the government pricing range for motor vehicle parking services in most local pricing catalogues is described as “with the characteristics of natural monopoly operation and public (benefit) parking. Field”, the scope of meaning is more general. The specific range of parking facilities appears in the newly revised parking fee policy.

In 2016, the 11 provinces/municipalities promulgated the new version of the parking charging policy, except for Shaanxi Province, all listed the "natural monopoly" and "public welfare" parking facilities in detail. By comparison, the definitions of "natural monopoly" and "public welfare" parking facilities mainly include the following categories:

① Urban road parking spaces;

②The public parking lot fully invested and constructed by the government;

③ Airport, station, wharf, public transport transfer and other transportation hub parking lots;

④The supporting construction of public service institutions and public service places such as medical treatment, culture, education, sports, scenic spots, etc. or built-in parking lot open to the society;

5. Party and government organs, institutions, social organizations and other office spaces are built as supporting facilities or built-in operating parking lots that are open to the society.

We found that in these provincial parking charging policies, although each type of parking facility listed can be classified as "natural monopoly" and "public welfare" parking facilities after further understanding, the terms used are varied. As a policy document, the definitions of key terms are too diverse, which is likely to cause misunderstandings to parking facility operators and toll policy enforcement departments.

Beijing is the city with the least range of government pricing. It is clearly stipulated that only park-and-ride and occupied parking are government-priced, and it is also the only city where the pricing catalog is basically the same as the charging policy.

In addition, among the 11 provincial charging policies, the "natural monopoly" and "public welfare" parking facilities that fall within the scope of the pricing catalog are not all subject to government pricing, and 6 provinces stipulate that some of the parking facilities are subject to government-guided prices. Such classification makes the parking fee policy seem too complicated, not easy to understand, and not easy to operate.

At present, the types of parking facilities that have basically reached a consensus on the implementation of market-adjusted prices include:

①Parking facilities invested and constructed by social capital;

② Parking facilities built by the government and private capital partnership (PPP).

Other local policies have been promulgated one after another

In accordance with the spirit of the document "Guiding Opinions on Strengthening the Construction of Urban Parking Facilities" (2015) by the seven ministries and commissions of the state, various localities have successively issued corresponding local policies. In 2016, 7 local policies on promoting the construction of public parking lots were promulgated and implemented, including 2 provincial-level policies in Shanghai and Fujian and 5 municipal-level policies in Xi'an, Xiamen, Taiyuan, Yinchuan and Nanchang, which involved accelerating the preparation of special planning for parking. , strengthen public land security, innovate investment and financing models, simplify administrative approval, and promote the construction of parking informatization, which corresponds to the "Guiding Opinions" of the seven ministries and commissions.

In accordance with the spirit of the document of the National Development and Reform Commission's "Key Points and Task Division of Recent Work to Accelerate the Construction of Urban Parking Lot" (2016), various localities have also successively issued corresponding key points and division of labor. In 2016, 8 local policies on the key points and division of labor for parking lot construction were promulgated and implemented, including 2 provincial policies in Tianjin and Jiangxi, and 6 prefecture-level policies in Dongguan, Yan'an, Tongren, Jiaozuo, Kaifeng and Hegang. The content includes clarifying the key points of the construction of parking lots in various cities and districts, and the relevant responsible units and cooperating units, which should be completed by December 2017 at the latest.

Fujian Province, Lanzhou City, and Shenyang City have issued relevant policies on simplifying the approval of parking facilities construction, including the approval process for three-dimensional mechanical parking facilities, newly-built parking lots and other parking facilities. Among them, Fujian Province has clarified that the construction of mechanical parking equipment is managed in accordance with special equipment, and the installation, transformation and repair process must be supervised and inspected by inspection and testing institutions approved by the General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine; use residential areas and units to set up on-ground mechanical parking for their own use. The existing civil air defense facilities that have not been developed and have been transformed into public parking facilities are exempted from the approval procedures for land use; Shenyang City has clarified that mechanical three-dimensional parking equipment is a temporary parking resource, and the installation and management of mechanical equipment is exempted from Handle construction project planning, land use, environmental impact assessment, construction and other licensing procedures.

Dalian City and Shenyang City have issued relevant policies on parking lot construction land, which involves regulating the supply of parking lot construction land and implementing the registration of parking space ownership.

From the parking policy promulgated and implemented in 2016, from the central to the local, the parking policy system is in a stage of gradual improvement. It has become a consensus to promote the construction and management of parking facilities to issue corresponding support policies and strengthen the linkage of government departments.